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  • Addiction is a leading cause of much human misery. This is where individuals persist in repeating certain behaviour patterns or activities that have become socially, psychologically or physically harmful to themselves, and they repeat these patterns at a risk of cost to themselves or others which may lead to feelings of helplessness & hopelessness and reactions of denial and rage.

  • This ‘dependence’ or addiction can be both physical and/or psychological and the lifestyle changes necessary to become free of this ‘dependence’ can be the most difficult part of changing behaviour.

  • I understand the importance of the decision you have made to stop using substances, I will work with you to elicit the triggers to certain behaviours, use of rewards and look at problems solving and goals in order to look at a more functional way of coping in the world.

  • Neuroscience.pdf substance use


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